Bornean Orangutan

Theme area:  Orangutan Outlook
Scientific name:  Pongo pygmaeus
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  Asia
Hábitat:  Tropical forest
Diet:  Herbivorous
Weight:  50 - 100 kg
Size:  120 - 140 cm
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Becoming critically endangered in the wild due to deforestation and hunting has brought these stunning red apes to the attention of the world. Although they can live up to 40 years in the wild and up to 60 years in captivity, Bornean orangutans are virtually solitary, unlike most other primates.  They live in very small groups, usually only a female and her dependent offspring. Males only ever spend about 10% of their lives with other orangs. This leaves them very vulnerable to capture or destruction in their native habitat which is disappearing quickly to make way for more commercial forests.               

Scientific tests have shown that orangutans share around 97% of the same DNA as humans. This is also shown by the fact that orangutans use tools for such tasks as poking into holes to remove insects. Male orangutans have large cheek pads which increase in size as they grow older. These show their dominance over other males as well as their readiness to mate.

Blackpool Zoo’s group of orangutans comprises Ramon, the male, Cherie and Summer and the newest arrival Jingga. A new house was built in 2014 for the group which has provided a more conducive environment for breeding.

Conservation status
Extinct
Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Endangered
Vulnerable
Near threatened
Least concern
Date deficient
Not evaluated

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