Giant Anteater

Scientific name:  Myrmecophaga tridactyla
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  South America
Habitat:  Grasslands and steppes & Tropical forest
Diet:  Carnivorous
Weight:  18 - 64 kg
Size:  70 cm
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Giant anteaters are one of the Zoo’s more unusual species with a lush coat and a very long nose.  In captivity, they can live over 20 years, but, in the wild, can fall prey to jaguars and pumas, although they will stand up and fight with their long, sharp claws if threatened.  They use their strong tail as a balance whilst standing up to predators on their hind legs.

Giant anteaters give birth to one baby at a time which climbs on to its mother’s back and is carried round nestling into her long fur.  They are plain coloured at birth but develop the distinctive black and white markings as they grow.

Like aardvarks, they are “edentate” which means that they have no teeth.  Instead of biting and chewing, they use their long tongues to lap up thousands of ants or termites a day.  Here in the Zoo they eat dried dog food, minced beef, pellets, banana and orange all blended together.  They are also given mealworms or insects every day and honey as a treat once a week.

Conservation status
Extinct
Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Endangered
Vulnerable
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated
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